Ilya Repin's Memorial Home "Penates"
Ilya Repin is a famous Russian realist painter
The estate of the great Russian artist Ilya Repin "Penates" is located on the Gulf of Finland, about 45 kilometers from St. Petersburg on seaside road.
Repin was 55 years old when he married a second time and purchased in the name of the second wife (Natalia Nordman) land in the village of Kuokkala in Finland, where he built a house and spent the last thirty years of his life. (The village Kuokkala after the October revolution was abroad, as part of an independent Finland). By that time Repin was already a renowned artist and rector of the Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. It was convenient to get to the Academy from Kuokkala, at the same time the place is quite secluded and picturesque suited to the artist's life perfectly.
The name "Penates" meant gods, guardians, and patrons of the hearth. In ancient Rome, each family usually had two Penates, images of which were made of wood, clay or stone, were stored in a locked Cabinet near the hearth, where they gathered all the family members. Everything had its own names - gazebos, paths, ponds. For example - at the end of the alley Pushkin's glade "Homer" pavilion "Temple of Osiris and of Isis". There were two pavilions "Booth Italy" and "Rembrandt" near the hill. Even the tracks and parts of the park had its names in honor of friends or relatives, and the mood of the names changed. Artesian well Poseidon gave clean water with such a large expense that was enough even for the flowage of ponds and ditches. The water was clean, drinkable with a slight taste of iron. Repin thought the water healing and drank until his death. There were planted lilies in a big pond at the well. Here was launched on a small boat, ibid arranged fireworks on holidays. In winter on the ice of the pond was arranged carousel, and Chaliapin even skated.
The main house and all other buildings in the estate were built by the artist's sketches. The house was single storey at the beginning. Then it acquired additional floors and extensions - porches, balconies. Second floor with glass tents, weathervanes, carvings, made the drawings of the owner, gave a lot of light and air for work and the artist's life.
During the World War II, the house was burned down. After it 10 rooms were restored, including a winter veranda. Octagonal topped with a transparent hipped slab porch almost two-thirds of the glass is the brightest room of the house, facing the park. Here hosted guests, drank tea and organized house concerts. In 1905 it was converted into a workshop and is named veranda busts along the walls were sculptured works of Repin.
Amazing place - a workshop and an enclosed balcony next to it, overlooking the park and bay shore. Here, on the couch Repin slept in the summer. In winter — in a special sleeping bag up to -20 degrees; when it was lower, the artist went down to his house.
Museum-estate of Repin is included in the List of UNESCO world heritage
There is an excursion in English, about 30-40 minutes.
August, 5 - birthday of Ilya Repin
September, 29 - the Day of memory of Ilya Repin