Laon Cathedral

Description

Laon Cathedral
Photo from wikipedia.org

Laon Cathedral (Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Laon) is a Catholic church located in Laon, Picardy, France. It is one of the most important examples of the Gothic architecture of the 12th and 13th centuries, dating earlier than the cathedrals of Sens and Notre Dame of Paris and ranking with them in importance. The cathedral is the seat of the Bishop of Laon. It has been listed among the Monuments Historiques since 1840.

Previous cathedrals on the site

The current cathedral is built on the site of an earlier edifice commenced under the episcopacy of Gerfrid (774 - 800). That Carolingian cathedral was consecrated on 6 September 800 in the presence of the emperor himself.

The Carolingian building was replaced under Bishop Élinand (1052–1095). The present new building was inaugurated with the second coronation of the future King Philip I. This cathedral was torched during the Easter Insurrection on 25 April 1112. During the revolt Laon's unpopular Bishop Waldric (in French Gaudry) was killed, despite taking the precaution of hiding in a barrel in the cellar of the episcopal palace. The cathedral was not destroyed, however, and after a repair programme lasting two years it was rededicated in 1114 under Bishop Barthélemy de Jur.

History

Laon Cathedral.JPG

The present Laon Cathedral dates from the 12th and early 13th centuries, an early example of the Gothic style that originated in Northern France. Built half a century after the first example of Gothic architecture, the Abbey Church of St. Denis, was erected. The former cathedral was burned out and damaged during the communal insurrection in 1112, then occasioned by the revocation of the commune's charter. The present reconstruction began with a choir in about 1160 and was finished as far as the east side of the transept by 1174. In a second campaign, which started about 1180, the nave was built, and completed after 1205. Then the choir was replaced by the greatly lengthened present choir in 1215.

The building is cruciform, and the choir terminates in a straight wall instead of in an apse. Of the seven planned towers flanking the façades, only five are complete to the height of the base of the spires, two at the west front, with life-size figures of sixteen oxen beneath the arcades of their upper portion, meant to pay homage to a local legend about a church that once occupied the site, explaining that the oxen appeared to help move the heavy stones. There are two more towers, one at each end of the transept, and a square central crossing tower that forms a lantern illuminating the crossing. If all seven towers were completed, at the time of construction, Laon would have more towers than any other cathedral built at the time. The ambition of the planners of Laon Cathedral gave some insight on what cathedral planners of the time were aiming for - a new take on space.

The west front, then with three porches, the centre one surmounted by a fine rose window of 1210, ranks next to that of Notre Dame de Paris in the purity of its Gothic style. Because of the use of white stone in the interior, however, the luminosity is remarkably greater than at Notre-Dame. The cathedral has stained glass of the 13th century and a chancel screen of the 18th century. Although the cathedral suffered some damage during the French Revolution and the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, it escaped both World Wars unharmed.

On June 25, 1940, Laon Cathedral was visited by Adolf Hitler.

The famous medieval artist Villard de Honnecourt made detailed drawings of one of the towers of Laon, ca. 1230.

Composer Pierre Dumage was organist of the cathedral in 1710–19.

Gallery

The west façade portals
At the transept crossing
Rose window

Photo (30)

stained glass in Laon Cathedral, Francestained glass in Laon Cathedral, Francestained glass in Laon Cathedral, Francestained glass in Laon Cathedral, Francestained glass in Laon Cathedral, Francestained glass in Laon Cathedral, Francestained glass in Laon Cathedral, Francestained glass in Laon Cathedral, Francestained glass in Laon Cathedral, Francecanons' houses by Laon Cathedral, FranceSt Martin du Parvis church, Laon, FranceReverse reflects of Loan cathedralHotel Dieu, Laon, FranceHotel Dieu, Laon, Francebishop's palace at Laon Cathedral, Francebishop's palace at Laon Cathedral, FranceTemplar church, Laon, FranceTemplar church, Laon, FranceTemplar church, Laon, FranceTemplar church, Laon, FranceTemplar church, Laon, FranceLe Petit Saint Vincent, Laon, FranceSNCF 267455 te Laon op 20-6-2014church of St Martin, Laon, Francechurch of St Martin, Laon, Francechurch of St Martin, Laon, Francechurch of St Martin, Laon, Francechurch of St Martin, Laon, FranceRVI Agora S n°52RVI Agora S n°53

Street view

Info

Schedule:
All days at 09:00-19:00

Reviews

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10.04.2017 Rob
Beautiful cathedral on a beautiful location.
 Excellent
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04.04.2017 Marius
Fascinating
 Excellent
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07.02.2017 Nick
A true marvel of 12th century architecture. This cathedral is one of many hidden gems in the French countryside.
 Excellent
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06.01.2017 Francis
Nice Gothic cathedral
 Excellent
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29.12.2016 Herman
Beautiful cathedral from the 12 th century and completed in the 13th in the gothic style, to watch again and again...
 Excellent
28.12.2016 Emily
This Cathedral stands out from the others in France and is definitely worth a visit. The animal sculptures are fascinating as are all the other little details. My tip would be to bring binoculars to see the things that are very high up.
 Excellent
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19.09.2016 Ilario
If the play without subjection with the much better known cathedral of Reims. If not for the size, definitely for the overall quality, enviable. The tourism office you can get the excellent audio guide, which guides you to the discovery of all the details that make this church a witness to the extraordinary. Absolutely worth a visit, and with at least an hour of time! The rest of the town is worth a visit, but this has something more.
 Excellent
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19.07.2016 Christiaan
The Cathedral of Our Lady of Laon is a beautiful example of early gothic architecture. Add to this the charm of the upper town and you have a successful mix for a nice trip.
 Excellent
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20.01.2016 Alexandre
Really beautiful building!
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12.01.2014 Julieta
Notre-Dane de Laon is the "mother" of Notre-Dame de Paris
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12.03.2012 Adrien
The "Grande Dame" of Laon. Unmissable place to visit in the heart of the medieval city.
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07.01.2011 Dirk
you can also use a cable elevator to get upthere.
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02.05.2010 Freda
Hard to come up. Use the main road to Medieval City
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