Uspensky Cathedral, 1399

Zvenigorod (Russian: Звени́город) is an old town in Moscow Oblast, Russia. Population: 16,395 (2010 Census); 12,155 (2002 Census); 15,805 (1989 Census).


The community has existed since the 12th century, although its first written mention is dated 1338.[citation needed] The town's name is based either on a personal name (cf. Zvenislav, Zvenimir) or on a hydronym (cf. the Zvinech, Zvinyaka, Zveniga Rivers); the derivation from "town of ringing (bells)" is a folk etymology.

Zvenigorod rose to prominence in the late 14th century after it was bequeathed by Dmitry Donskoy to his second son Yuri, who founded his residence on the steep bank of the Moskva River. The local kremlin, called Gorodok, contains the only fully preserved example of 14th-century Muscovite architecture, the Assumption Cathedral (1399). The cathedral's interior features frescoes by Andrei Rublev.

Rozhdestvensky Cathedral in the Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery, 1405

Zvenigorod is primarily remembered for internecine wars waged by Yuri's sons for control of Moscow during the reign of their cousin Vasily II (1425–1462). After their party was defeated, the town was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

Zvenigorod was granted town rights in 1784.[citation needed] By the late 19th century, the town gained popularity among the intelligentsia as a fashionable banlieue of Moscow. Many extravagant dachas were built in the neighbourhood. Some of these house museums of Sergey Taneyev, Anton Chekhov, and Isaac Levitan.

Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery

Within the Savva-Storozhevsky Monastery

In 1398, Prince Yury asked St. Savva, one of the first disciples of Sergius of Radonezh, to go to Zvenigorod and to establish a monastery on the Storozhi Holm (Watching Hill). St. Savva of Storozhi was interred in the white stone cathedral of the Virgin's Nativity in 1407. This diminutive, roughly hewn church still stands, although its present-day exquisite look is the result of recent restoration. The frescoes in the altar date back to the 1420s, but the rest of interior was painted in 1656. A magnificent iconostasis in five tiers and the Stroganov-school heaven gates were installed in 1652.

In 1650, the monastery was chosen by Tsar Alexis as his suburban residence. In five years, they constructed a white-stone royal palace and a festive chamber for tsaritsa. The cloister was encircled with stone walls and towers, patterned after those of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius. Particularly noteworthy is a large belfry, erected in four bays in 1650 and crowned with three tents and a clocktower. A church over the holy gates was consecrated to the Holy Trinity in 1652.

After the death of Feodor III, who spent most of his time there, the monastery declined. In May 1918, when the Bolsheviks tried to seize the relics of St. Savva, several persons were shot dead. In 1985, the cloister was assigned to the Danilov Monastery in Moscow. St. Savva's relics were returned to the monastery in 1998.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Zvenigorod Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, Zvenigorod Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Zvenigorod Urban Okrug.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Zvenigorod is twinned with:

  • Belarus Mogilev, Belarus (2006)
  • Italy Tropea, Italy (2013)

Photo (30)

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Video (4)

Street view


27.01.2017 Aleksandr
Tired Of Moscow!? Come to this city. It is calm and there are a lot of attractions
04.07.2016 Cornelius
Cute town in the Moscow region. In recent years, it is very put in order.
07.11.2014 @imhoha
The river moves and does not move
16.08.2014 Svetlana
Love to spend the weekend here!!!
09.08.2014 Vanechka
Love to be in this gorodochke, there lived my grandmother, know all tropinochke. A wonderfully serene place.
11.07.2014 Egor
Mead in the shops at the temple just excellent!
28.09.2013 ROlya
Love to be here!
29.08.2013 Aleksandr
Think about life!
15.08.2013 Lenochka
Here is the river Moskva, it is the purest part :)
10.08.2013 Artem
Wonderful piece of nature and history , not far from Moscow.
30.07.2013 Lisa
Do not take chances. GO. Healthier and more fun definitely will!
18.07.2013 Kristina
Hometown. There are places for rest, fountain and entertainment. This is nice.
07.07.2013 Tanya
The name "Zvenigorod" was probably brought by settlers from the southern Russian principalities, devastated during the Mongol invasion.
07.07.2013 Tanya
The first mention of Rostov refers к1339, in his spiritual letter of Moscow Prince Ivan Kalita will GORODSKOMU son: "And behold I give to his son Evanesenad".
29.06.2013 Alexander
Uncomfortable. The old quarters there, a lot of cars, few sidewalks and crossings. For walking is not suitable, the traces of ancient history to the naked eye are not visible. Avoid.
23.06.2013 Alisa
Nice town
22.06.2013 Ilya
There is a good track Enduro
10.06.2013 Nastka
A good city.There is a Park and a cinema.I would say very little Moscow
31.05.2013 Maria
Why is this city so many flower shops?
09.05.2013 asya
Amazing pickles they sell at the local market!
20.01.2013 Matilda
Awesome market - not worse Dorogomilovskaya, and even better)))
16.12.2012 Ir
Zvenigorod was originally inhabited mainly by Slavs-Vyatichi (Tatishchev believed Vyatichi are not Slavs and Sarmatians). The town was known in pre-Mongol time.
16.12.2012 Ir
Here was observed the highest population density"suburbs" in the pre-Mongol period. The settlement was a plural.fortified centers freemen, not under the power of the princes.
07.12.2012 Kirill
Very nice city with friendly and sociable people. A beautiful forest :)
05.11.2012 Foursquare
Zvenigorod — a town of regional subordination in the Moscow region. Located on the banks of the Moscow river, 30 km West of Moscow. Population - 17 270 people. Founded in 1152, the city since 1781.
27.08.2012 Komova
Beautiful city )))
05.06.2012 Ekaterina
Clean air, quiet, beautiful place to stay
02.06.2012 Katherine
The place is great✌ nature of the class, the birds are singing, and wanted the benefits of civilization go to the movies, go to the cafe. A generally better to play sports - fun and useful
18.03.2012 Nadisha
Here nothing to do at all (( most Moskvoyu
18.09.2011 Gretchen
It feels like it's not 3G, and 0.3 G
19.08.2011 Shumilov
Suponevo-2 there will be a kindergarten
06.08.2011 Maria
Very very pretty town
31.12.2010 Konstantin
Here is a very cute little non-Russian :)
06.09.2010 Andrey
The Golden ring Zvenigorod not get. Worse, he really is not getting, Yes.
08.07.2010 Dmitri
pretty little town on the Moskva-river, splendid landskapes, charming nature. Russian Golden Ring mezhdu prochim!)
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