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Wind: north-west, 3 m/s
Humidity: 87 %
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January-2 °C-10 °C
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Cathedral of the Assumption in Smolensk


The main church in Smolensk Region

Cathedral of the Assumption
Photo from panoramio.com

Cathedral of the Assumption (Uspensky Sobor) is the main church in Smolensk region. It is located in the center of the town on a hill.

The cathedral is built in memory of the heroic defense of Smolensk in 1609-1611 on the site of the eponymous Cathedral of the 12th century.

The original Church was founded in 1101 by order of Vladimir Monomakh and was the first monument of monumental architecture in the territory of Smolensk.

In 1611, after nearly two years of defense of Smolensk from the troops of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth the last defenders blew up stockpiles of explosives that were stored in the cellars near the Cathedral hill, resulting in collapsed and part of the Cathedral, burying a lot of women and children. The invaders restored the building of the Cathedral and turned it into Catholic. After the liberation of Smolensk the old building was dismantled in 1674-1675. In 1677 the construction of a new building of the Cathedral was initiated under the supervision of the architect Alexey Korolkov. The architect has increased his size and made the retreat from the project, as a result of high apse moved from the main volume.

The suspended work was resumed only in 1712. Finally, in 1740 the architect Schedel completed the construction of the church, crowned by seven domes of blue with gold stars. In 1761 the central and western chapters of the Cathedral broke. In 1767-1772 architect Obukhov rebuilt the top, leaving the traditional five domes. The Smolensk icon of the Mother of God was kept in the Cathedral until 1941, but after the occupation of the city by German forces the icon disappeared. The Cathedral contains the relics of Mercury of Smolensk. The building of the Cathedral was not injured during the Napoleonic invasion and Nazi occupation. Amazed by the grandeur of the Cathedral, Napoleon ordered to post guards to protect it. After entering German troops in Smolensk Colonel General of the Wehrmacht, Heinz Guderian made the time to familiarize to the Cathedral, which he found intact. There was an antireligious museum in the central and left parts of the building. The right half was reserved for worship. General recalls:

...Silver altar and candlesticks, apparently tried to hide, but didn't manage to do before our arrival in the city. Anyway, all these extremely valuable things were piled together in the center of the Cathedral. I ordered to find someone from the Russian, to whom could be entrusted the responsibility for the preservation of these values. An old church caretaker was found with a long white beard, to whom I told through an interpreter, that he took under his responsibility the values and put them in place. Valuable gilded carved frame of the iconostasis were completely intact. What happened then to the Cathedral, I don't know.

However, during the invasion of Napoleon the iron helmet adopted by the French for gold has been disappeared, and during the Great Patriotic War and the spear of St. Mercury also disappeared. At present, the Church keeps the only surviving relic of St. Mercury - iron sandals of Saint patron of Smolensk.

Photo (21)

Успенский соборcity ​​of Smolensk. Cathedral of the Assumption г-д Смоленск. Успенский соборУспенский собор зимой. Assumption Cathedral in winterУспенский соборСмоленск. Успенский собор.СмоленскСмоленск / SmolenskУспенский кафедральный собор в СмоленскеСмоленск. Соборная Гора...Часовня Успенского СобораЦерковь Богоявленского собора...Смоленск. Успенский собор. Вид с соборного двораУспенский соборВид на внутреннюю часть крепостиАрка / ArchСмоленск / SmolenskСоборная колокольня с часами...Панорама крепостной стены с башнями и двумя церквями...Смоленск, Кафедральный СоборЗадворкиУспенский собор...

Video (1)

Street view

Yandex air view panorama


Address: ул. Соборная Гора, 5


17.12.2017 Yarina
Very beautiful and impressive Church that I ever seen for now.
15.06.2017 padmakumar
Great church to visit at Smolensk
09.10.2016 Smol
Many have experienced this wonderful Cathedral. The Soul Of Smolensk)))
28.08.2016 Dmitriy
Very nice Cathedral in the aggregate
16.08.2016 Polina
Inside so much gold, how many in the plane of Patriarch Kirill. The ensemble itself is very beautiful, the view offers a breathtaking. And cakes not sell
04.08.2016 Maksim
The beautiful Cathedral. Near him feel very small, because the Cathedral seems really huge when it stands on the hill and is visible from any point of the city. That's just not like how it is painted, color well, very similar to the one that painted the station and a few city buildings.
23.07.2016 Dimitriy
The beautiful Cathedral. All around worthy of a visit.
19.07.2016 Viktoriya
in Omsk a hundred times better
13.07.2016 Alain
12.07.2016 Oksana
Wonderful Cathedral,amazing by its beauty and grandeur.
30.05.2016 Nikolay
17.02.2016 Oleg
Who was not in the Cathedral - he was in Smolensk!
01.01.2016 Artem
Huge, majestic Cathedral. The figures of the angels, benches for tourists.

The main Cathedral of the Smolensk diocese and the symbol of Smolensk.
09.12.2015 David
One of the most beautiful places of Smolensk.
08.12.2015 Aleksandr
Giant majestic Cathedral with a huge iconostasis
30.11.2015 Small
03.01.2015 Victoria
One of the most beautiful Cathedrals in Russia. Definitely worth a visit. Very beautiful inside.
29.09.2014 Regina
One of the attractions of Smolensk
13.08.2014 Andrey
Very nice. Figures of angels, which is not typical of Russian cathedrals. The stairs to the icons and benches for tourists.
05.06.2014 Regina
Gorgeous...no words. Its splendor shares the 3rd place with Notre Dame.
29.03.2014 Akvarel
Beautiful. Majestic. You can not Park on the square, and slightly above - before arrival to the Cathedral.
24.10.2013 Anastasiya
Should arrive in Smolensk at least just to see this Cathedral. He's gorgeous!
24.10.2013 Stanislav
Stunningly beautiful
15.07.2013 Tatyana
The Cathedral of the Dormition of our lady the main Church of the Smolensk diocese -became a symbol of Western Russian city, striking the huge size, well crafted composition and lush Baroque forms.
14.07.2013 Tatyana
The stunning beauty of the place and with all its uniqueness is not particularly crowded. Smolensk never much a tourist town.
12.06.2013 Nadezhda
The city of Smolensk the whole construction. Restored buildings, repairing roads. A large construction project. The Cathedral Of The Assumption!!! Beautiful! Powerful! Majestic!
23.05.2013 Artyom
Shakes the interior of the Cathedral, skill thread, a lot of gold, and incredible icons. Be sure to visit
09.05.2013 Jane
the greatness of the Orthodox Church! very beautiful and splendid Cathedral
02.05.2013 Natalia
At the entrance is very Intrusive beggars. If you go to the temple without a scarf, no-one swears
02.05.2013 Natalia
In General it is impossible to take pictures inside, but if humbly and without a flash, you get to do a few shots
27.11.2012 Elena
Incredible beauty! Atmosphere! Greatness! Fascinating!
03.03.2012 Nikolay
The grandeur of the Cathedral is simply breathtaking and the atmosphere inside is creepy
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Изменено: 2018-01-21 23:09