Talashkino estate museum in Smolensk
At the beginning of XX century Talashkino was a notable artistic center. Famous people came here
Talashkino - historical-artistic reserve, the centre of art crafts of the late XIX — early XX century. Fabulous mansion in the Smolensk region.
In 1893 Tenishevs acquired the estate at Princess Ekaterina Konstantinovna Svyatopolk-Chetvertinskaya, childhood friend of Maria Tenisheva. This house unfortunately has not survived, only regular park remains. Together with the former owner's estate, Princess Tenisheva did Talashkino center of the enlightenment and the revival of traditional folk art culture.
In 1894 Tenisheva bought from the bankrupt landowner Krasnyanskiy hamlet Floynovo, 2 kilometers from Talashkino to establish an agricultural school. The school has changed Floynovo in a kind of school campus with a fruit garden, a lake with a dam and baths. Teachers were invited. In addition to reading and writing were taught crafts: joinery, carving and painting on wood, metal embossing, ceramics, dyeing and embroidery. Music educators taught to play the balalaika and other folk instruments. For the creation of the orchestra was invited professional musician, graduate of St. Petersburg Conservatory, member of orchestra ща folk instruments V. lidin.
Maria Tenisheva, organizer Talashkino art center, played a big role in Russian art of the late XIX — early XX century. Scope of activity is comparable to the work of S. I. Mamontov, who organized the Abramtsevo near Moscow. Maria Tenisheva had a great artistic taste, felt and loved art.
Tenisheva collected watercolors, objects of ancient art, studied painting and enamel, was familiar with the artists Repin, Vasnetsov, Vrubel, Roerich, Malyutin, Benoit, Nesterov, Korovin, Polenov, sculptor Trubetskoy, composers Andreev and Stravinsky, and many other great artists of that time. They stayed and worked in the estate of the Princess. They were invented drawings for a variety of paintings of balalaika, furniture and interiors. In carpentry, carved, embroidery and ceramic workshops were attracted more than 2,000 people from 50 villages. Since 1900 the workshops were led by the artist S. V. Malyutin, author of the painting is the first Russian nested dolls.
The Museum complex Talashkino - Flyonovo includes:
"Teremok" — wooden house, decorated with colorful carvings based on Russian folk tales. It is built in 1901 by architect and artist S. V. Malyutin in pseudo-Russian style.
"...The roof is beautifully raises over patterned window frames, painted in many colours; like the fantastic necklaces are full on dark logs are various ornaments: cornices, bas-reliefs, curls of monstrous flowers, strange swans with flowing tails, bast "sun", wavy strands all kinds of lace, stripes, stars, squares," wrote about "Teremok" critic S. K. Makovsky.
Church of the Descent of the Holy spirit in Floynovo built by joint project S. V. Malyutin, M. K. Tenisheva and I. Barshchevsky (1900-1905). From 1908 to 1914 N. K. Roerich worked on its decoration. Unfortunately, the paintings were lost, preserved only sketches of them, but we can admire the Roerich mosaic "Vernicle" on the facade.
- Carved gates.
- The monument to Princess M. K. Tenisheva.
Until 1914 Talashkino was a significant center of Russian artistic life. Products of Talashkino masters successfully sold not only in Russia but also in Paris, Berlin, Prague. The life-work of Tenisheva became part of Russian culture.
From Smolensk city bus No. 130 and No. 104 to the stop Talashkino.
С Минского шоссе свернуть на магистраль А-141 Смоленск-Рославль , Талашкино находится примерно в 18км. от Смоленска. После Талашкина будет указатель "Фленово 4". Дальше по указателям. В самом Талашкино можно не останавливаться, все музеи во Фленове.
From Minsk highway turn to road A-141 Smolensk-Roslavl, Talashkino is about 18km from Smolensk. Pass Talashkino, then there is a sign "Flyonovo 4". Do not stop in Talashkino, all museum are in Flyonovo.
- open daily from 10.00 to 17.00,
- the ticket office closes 30 minutes earlier
- day off – Monday,
- cleaning day - last Thursday of the month
Be sure to visit))