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Gabrovo

Description

Gabrovo 

Gabrovo (Bulgarian: Габрово) is a city in central northern Bulgaria, the administrative centre of Gabrovo Province.

It is situated at the foot of the central Balkan Mountains, in the valley of the Yantra River, and is known as an international capital of humour and satire (see Gabrovo humour), as well as noted for its Bulgarian National Revival architecture. Gabrovo is also known as the longest city in Bulgaria, stretching over 25 km along the Yantra, yet reaching only 1 km (0.6 mi) in width at places. The geographic center of Bulgaria - Uzana is located near the city.

Name

According to the most widespread legend, Gabrovo was founded by a blacksmith called Racho, close to whose fireplace a hornbeam rose, so the settlement acquired its name, from the Slavic word gabar ("hornbeam") + the Slavic suffix -ovo.

History

The area around Gabrovo, inhabited since the Neolithic, gained economic importance after Veliko Tarnovo became capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire in the 12th century. Craftsmanship and trade prospered due to the proximity to both the capital and the Balkan passes. Medieval Gabrovo was a small pass village of about 100 houses.

After the Ottoman invasion of the Balkans in the 14th century, the demographic position of Gabrovo changed significantly, as it was the only settlement in a considerably large geographic area and an attractive place for Bulgarians fleeing from the conquered capital and neighbouring fortresses. It turned from a village into a small town (palanka) and began to develop as an economic, cultural and spiritual centre.

Bulgarian Orthodox Theophany Crucession in Gabrovo. The priests are going to throw a wooden cross in the Yantra. Believers will then jump into the icy waters to "save" the cross.

During Ottoman rule, the rich tradesmen spent plenty of resources for the small town's public planning. The first Bulgarian secular school, the Aprilov National High School, was founded in Gabrovo in 1835 with the aid of Vasil Aprilov and Nikolay Palauzov. Gabrovo was officially proclaimed a town by the Ottoman authority in May 1860. In the 1870s Felix Kanitz said that Gabrovo is "a big workshop" and that it is a "city that lives from the water," referring to widely used water power. The glory of the goods of Gabrovo became known throughout the Ottoman Empire, and beyond that, in Bucharest even nowadays there is a street named "Gabroveni".

Shortly before and after the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1878, Gabrovo developed as a centre of industry on the basis of its economic traditions. Joint-stock companies emerged, factories were constructed and connections to the large stock exchanges were created, prompting some to label the city "The Bulgarian Manchester".

Population

Gabrovo saw its most rapid growth in the post-World War II years, when its population was doubled. Following general population trends in Bulgaria, the number of citizens started declining after the fall of Communism in the country. People started emigrating abroad or to the capital of Sofia. Currently, Gabrovo is more than 20,000 people short of its peak, achieved in the period 1985-1991 when the number of the residents exceeded 80,000. The following table presents the change of the population after the liberation of the country in 1887. According to Census 2011, as of February 2011[update], the population of the city was 58,950 inhabitants.

GabrovoYear 1887 1910 1934 1946 1956 1965 1975 1985 1992 2001 2005 2009 2011 2013 Population 7,958 8,423 13,668 21,180 37,919 57,920 75,091 81,629 76,529 67,065 63,004 60,281 58,950  ?? Highest number 81,786 in 1986 Sources: National Statistical Institute, „citypopulation.de“, „pop-stat.mashke.org“, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Ethnic, linguistic and religious composition

According to the latest 2011 census data, the individuals declared their ethnic identity were distributed as follows:

  • Bulgarians: 54,227 (97.9%)
  • Turks: 473 (0.9%)
  • Roma: 343 (0.6%)
  • Others: 193 (0.3%)
  • Indefinable: 151 (0.3%)
    • Undeclared: 3,563 (6.0%)

Total: 58,950

The ethnic composition of Gabrovo Municipality is 60,207 Bulgarians, 504 Turks and 367 Roma among others.

Culture

Internationally known as a centre of humour and satire, Gabrovo has two theatres, the Racho Stoyanov Drama Theatre and the puppet theatre, a House of Humour and Satire that serves as a cultural institute, a centre, museum and gallery to popularise comic art. There is also a cinema, Aleko Cinema, and a number of museums and menorial houses both in the town and around it, most notably the Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complex and the National Museum of Education at the Aprilov National High School. A planetarium is also in operation. Gabrovo historian Dr. Petar Tsonchev estimated there were more than 150 types of traditional knives.

Tourism

Places of interest in Gabrovo include the House of Humour and Satire and Aprilov National High School. In Gabrovo Province sites include architectural reserve Bozhentsi. Hiking is widely available in the Central Balkan National Park and in the Bulgarka Nature Park, itself home to Ethnographic Complex Etara, Dryanovo Monastery, Sokolski Monastery, Shipka Pass, and the Uzana area. For admirers of historical tourism Shipka Memorial is a must-see.

Honors

A minor planet 2206 Gabrova discovered on April 1, 1976 by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh is named in honor of the city.

Gabrovo Knoll on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Gabrovo.

Tourist attractions

Photo (30)

EE1975118Yantra River, GabrovoGabrovo Municipal Building dressed up as a Bulgarian flag late at night.  #габрово #българия #mybeautifulbulgaria #homeiswheretheheartis #myalternativelifestyle #yantra #heretostay #bulgarianphotooftheday #bulgarianflagSparrowSnowdropsLilacPhoenicurus ochrurosMorning dewMossIrisSunnyNew LifeIrisSpringPink HyacinthMoss / МъхBlue HyacinthIcy HeartCold and LightIcy PlanetSnowy BirdGeranium, здравецMerry Christmas and Happy New YearNew Year MagicAutumn and WinterAutumn landscapeMorningMisty morningThe storm is coming ...Winter

Street view

Reviews

tourist
02.10.2016 Alexandra
Beautiful and colourful city famous for it's people's sense of humour. Very close to historically significant places like Shipka and Buzludja. Must see the ethnographic complex Etar!
tourist
28.06.2016 Daniel
A small city with more spirit than other bigger towns. But unfortunately not as lively as I would want it to be.
tourist
08.09.2015 Nino
Nice town with friendly and helpful people. Do not hurry and take your time here. Do not just pass by on your way to "Etara".
tourist
17.08.2014 Svetlozar
I feel terrible when the weather sucks
tourist
15.08.2014 Asya
Absolutely normal average town in the province. "Diamond", is worth a visit and there are quite a few attractions nearby.
tourist
28.03.2014 Daniella
Cool town ;)
tourist
08.11.2013 Viktor
Two went to sleep, the police one after the other 5 meters, who needs it?
tourist
11.07.2012 Alexey
A good city! There are very otzyvchivye people!
tourist
06.03.2012 Krasen
My home town
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Изменено: 2017-11-20 05:36