Ivangorod Fortress

Description

Ivangorod Fortress
Photo from panoramio.com
The reconstructed fortress of Narva (to the left) overlooking the Russian fortress of Ivangorod.
View from the opposite riverbank

Ivangorod Fortress (Estonian: Jaanilinn, Votic: Jaanilidna) is a Russian medieval castle established by Ivan III in 1492 and since then grown into the town of Ivangorod. The fortress overlooks the Narva River opposite the Narva Hermann Castle and the Estonian city of Narva.

The fortress was intended to reaffirm Russia's right to access the sea and at the same time form a bulwark against the Teutonic Order, which dominated the Baltics. On the left bank stands since the 13th Century the powerful Hermann Castle, a castle of the Teutonic Order. In the following decades, the structures of the fort have been expanded and strengthened. After the collapse of the German order of Estonia came under Swedish rule, and since the end of the Livonian War in 1583 the Ivangorod fortress also belonged to Sweden.

History

The original castle was constructed in one summer, in the year 1492. It was named after Moscovian Grand Prince Ivan III. Its purpose was to fend off the Livonian Knights. The castle is strictly quadrilateral, measuring 1,600 sq ft (150 m2), with walls 14 meters tall.

Ivangorod was won back later in the year by Muscovite forces from the Livonians, under the command of Prince Ivan Gundar and Mikhail Klyapin. Three thousand troops arrived to retake the castle, rebuild it, and construct a new barracks and stronger bastions. For almost 10 years, the land around the castle was in constant warfare. The fortress and the land around changed hands repeatedly. The castle was reconstructed and fortified many times, becoming one of the strongest defensive structures in the 16th century. The castle was in development until the 17th century, becoming a large, sprawling fortress with several lines of defense.

The Treaty of Teusina (1595) returned the fortress to the Russians. In 1612, the Swedes conquered the fortress, which was bravely defended by a voivode, Fyodor Aminev (b 1560s, d 1628) and his sons. By the Treaty of Stolbova, Ingria was ceded to Gustav II Adolf, king of Sweden. In 1704, Peter the Great captured the castle from Swedish troops, bringing the fortress back into Russian control. Inside the fortress, there are two churches: one is dedicated to the Virgin's Assumption (1496) and the other to St. Nicholas (built in the late 16th century but later reconstructed).

The churches of St. Nicholas (1498) and the Virgin's Dormition (1558) inside the fortress walls.

After the early 18th century, the military role of the fortress dwindled due to technological advances. In 1728, a review was carried out of the fortresses in this area, which concluded that the installation had been neglected, and had a low fighting efficiency. An order was issued for restoration of Ivangorod fortress, but after the inspection of 1738 the fortress was designated not adequate for defence purpose.

In 1840, some improvements were carried out in the fortress (roofs were changed), further improvements took place in 1863 and 1911-1914. During World War I, the fortress was captured by Germans on 25 February 1918. From 1919 to 1940, the fortress belonged to Estonia. Despite changing hands several times in the first half of the 20th century, the fortress played no significant role in fighting.

During World War II, it was first controlled by the Soviet Union (1940–1941) and then by the Nazi Germany (1941–1944), which established two POW camps within the fortress and left many of its buildings damaged after their retreat. After the annexation of Estonia by the Soviet Union in 1940 Ivangorod fortress was part of the Russian Soviet Republic. The town and fortress remained with Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the restoration of the independent Republic of Estonia in 1990. Currently, the fortress serves as a museum.

The museum

The history and art museum of Ivangorod fortress exhibits paintings of Ivan Bilibin, Alexandra Pototskaya and other authors. As well, local history and tradition are explained by some of museum's exhibits, such as archeological finds encountered in the surrounding areas. There is a permanent exhibition devoted to the Northern War and the Livonian War. As well, there are models of fortresses in the surrounding region and armaments, and documents and letters related to famous people such as Fyodor Dostoyevsky, exhibited in the fortress museum.

Photo (39)

Крепость Ивангород: Воротная башняИвангород. Крепость. 20.05.2012Ivangorod FortressКрепость Ивангород: Никольская церковь и Успенский соборИвангородская крепость: Успенский собор и Никольская церковьНабатная башняУспенский собор и Никольская церковьВ крепостиIvangorogChurch of Dormition of the Mother of God and Vorotnaya (Gate) tower of Ivangorod fortressЦерковь в крепостиИвангородпустырьКрепость Ивангород: Православные храмы Переднего городаКрепость Ивангород: Вид на православные храмы Переднего города из Большого Бояршего городаIvangorod. German towerИвангород/ IvangorodКрепость Ивангород: Никольская церковьIvangorodИвангород/ IvangorodКрепость Ивангород: Широкая башняИвангород/ IvangorodИвангород/ IvangorodIvangorod fortress.11.05.2009гВход в крепость (вид со стены)Ворота  (16.06.2007г)Ivangorod fortress.Взгляд через бойницуКрепостной дворIvangorod, the church of the Virgin's Dormition (1558)Customs: Russia -  EstoniaКрепостная стена / Fortress wallIvangorod fortress.Набатная башняIvangorod fortress.Ivangorod fortress.прихожаяРека Нарова

Video (1)

Street view

Info

Schedule:
All days at 10:00-18:00

Reviews

tourist photo
13.10.2016 Suren
Excellent sightseeing place in border of Russia and Estonia.
85m between two castles!
 Excellent
tourist photo
02.10.2016 Dmitriy
Every time coming back, rejoice, how to change the appearance of the fortress in the process of restoration!
 Excellent
tourist photo
04.09.2016 Ivan
A nice quiet place. Across the river - Estonia, which in every way wants to show that their way is better)
 Excellent
tourist photo
21.08.2016 Denis
A fortress in good condition. Great views of Narva. Not expensive ticket. Though of course to visit her best during one of the numerous medieval festivals.
 Excellent
tourist photo
05.08.2016 Denis
A very beautiful castle. There is a place to walk. Especially nice to see the Narva castle from the walls - they are separated by rough river.
 Excellent
tourist photo
27.07.2016 Julia
Very beautiful view and the castle itself and at the border,and Narva.You can climb to the top,walk around the fortress.Here it's not so crowded
 Excellent
tourist photo
12.07.2016 Dudkin
All very neat, green, beautiful. View of the Narva good. Cafes some is not enough.
 Good
tourist photo
16.06.2016 Raj
I saw the expansive Ivangorod Fortress from Narva, Estonia. It's especially beautiful on a crisp, sunny, autumn morning.
 Excellent
tourist photo
16.05.2016 Alex
A huge beautiful castle, but the condition is very very bad. Many buildings are just abandoned, inside trees, walls collapse.
 Not bad
tourist photo
05.05.2016 Sergey
I highly recommend a visit great views of the fortress on both sides of the river. The state of the fortress is not bad. Of course I would like to see in it a kind of a Museum, however, and so for a walk a good place.
 Excellent
tourist photo
23.04.2016 Fedor
Beautiful place
 Excellent
tourist photo
18.04.2016 Andrey
The ability to pass nearly the entire perimeter of the wall, descending into any of the towers - a rare phenomenon for the ancient fortresses. Huge beautiful castle!
tourist photo
24.03.2016 GTV
Beautiful castle, views captures Narva. But the devastation...
tourist photo
06.03.2016 Ekaterina
One of the most beautiful medieval fortresses of the North-West. This immersion in history! It's a funny feeling
tourist photo
23.01.2016 Andrey
power and old age
tourist photo
19.01.2016 Anna
Art.
 Excellent
tourist photo
31.12.2015 Daria
One of the most interesting fortresses
tourist photo
15.12.2015 Mike
Beautiful spot on the border of Russia and Estonia. A place where history was made :-)
tourist photo
15.12.2015 Aleksandr
The Museum is an interesting collection of works by Bilibin
 Excellent
tourist photo
20.09.2015 Oleg
the fortress is very cool! It is particularly interesting at the top. Good smotrova Playground in Narva:) ticket for citizens of the Russian Federation $ 100
tourist photo
31.08.2015 Eugy
After the restoration of the fortress, things have changed, the old yard has become much more interesting.
tourist photo
02.08.2015 Helena
Great place for a photo shoot;)
tourist photo
14.07.2015 Evgeniy
The wonder of the world.On the roofs of birch trees...
 Not bad
tourist photo
07.07.2015 Sergey
In kreposti continue restoration work when you visit her in October last year we met a friend of architects who were engaged in measurement and survey the second courtyard . They told us that fulfilling the state order to design a next stage of restoration work . The castle is so picturesque that it is often used by the filmmakers for filming . And in the summer in the walls of the ancient fortress boils active life - festivals and holidays in a hurry to change each other . And another little nuances - like here to call and the wedding car with the bride and groom couples and photographers ! Well, our brother , tourist , gets around this fortress party , hurry to individual tourists come and tour buses , the fortress is included into several tourist routes of travel agencies of Petersburg
 Excellent
15.01.2015 Aleksey
In the fortress we took a private tour for just 900 rubles.This is the only castle standing in the distance fired arrows (150метров) between the warring parties. In the fortress there is the Cathedral of the assumption and St. Nicholas Church, is service. Now unfortunately restoration work practically stopped in connection with absence of financing. The archaeological site is also no longer maintained. In due time very much helped Europe in the restoration of the fortress highlighting more than three and a half million euros. And the landscaping around a million. The idea was to make the embankment for walking, as in Estonia, but money sufficed only at two hundred meters, descent to the water.
The castle visited castles are becoming less and less, time takes its toll.
 Excellent
tourist photo
07.09.2014 Vera
On the border of the two States on both sides of the river are the strongholds - of oil painting. :-) Very picturesque and symbolic.
tourist photo
08.07.2014 Kolya
The watchman Uncle Jack better than any of the guides will tell about the castle and life will teach! Tea and cakes eating can
tourist photo
05.05.2014 Nevena
I love you Russia!!! Hello to all the good people of this country, I was wonderful, greetings from Serbia!
tourist photo
08.12.2013 Svetlana
Shoes should be comfortable, better sports
tourist photo
30.11.2013 Zhenya
Be sure to go over the wall!!!
tourist photo
03.09.2013 ALFozoid
To watch the grain, but if guided, it is interesting!)
tourist photo
15.08.2013 Boris
All to be here. The most solid fortress in the world
tourist photo
26.08.2012 Anton
Russian fortress by solid
Share your experiences, help others make the right choice!
Think about what you would like to know if you were looking for a review about a place to relax. Please describe in detail what you liked and what you didn't. What would you advise to other guests and to the hotel owner. The more fully you tell about the hotel, the easier it will be for other people to make a choice and they will be very grateful to you!

Map

Maps
  • Open Street Maps
  • Roads
  • Satellite
  • Hybrid
  • Public
  • Public+Satellite
  • Roads
  • Satellite
Layers
  • Traffic
  • Wikipedia