The City of Yalta (Ukrainian and Russian: Я́лта; Crimean Tatar: Yalta) is a resort city on the South coast of Crimean peninsula surrounded by the Black Sea. It serves as the administrative center of Yalta Municipality, one of the regions within Crimea. Its population is 78,115 (2013 est.)

The city is located on the ancient site of an ancient Greek colony, said to have been founded by the Greek conquerors who were looking for a safe shore (γιαλός – yalos in Greek) on which to land. It is situated on a deep bay facing south towards the Black Sea, surrounded by the mountain range Ai-Petri. It has a warm humid subtropical climate and surrounded by numerous vineyards and orchards.

The term "Greater Yalta" is used to designate a part of the Crimean southern coast spanning from Foros in the west to Gurzuf in the east and including the city of Yalta and multiple adjacent urban settlements.


12th-19th centuries

The existence of Yalta was first recorded in the 12th century by an Arab geographer, who described it as a Byzantine port and fishing settlement. It became part of a network of Genoese trading colonies on the Crimean coast in the 14th century, when it was known as Etalita or Galita. Crimea was captured by the Ottoman Empire in 1475, which made it a semi-independent subject territory under the rule of the Crimean Khanate but the southern coast with Yalta was under direct Ottoman rule forming the Eyalet of Kefe (Feodosiya). Yalta was annexed by the Russian Empire in 1783, along with the rest of Crimea, sparking the Russo-Turkish War, 1787-1792. Prior to the annexation of the Crimea, the Crimean Greeks were moved to Mariupol in 1778; one of the villages they established nearby is also called Yalta.

In the 19th century, the town became a fashionable resort for the Russian aristocracy and gentry. Leo Tolstoy spent summers there and Anton Chekhov in 1898 bought a house (the White Dacha) here, where he lived till 1902; Yalta is the setting for Chekhov's short story, "The Lady with the Dog", and such prominent plays as The Three Sisters were written in Yalta. The town was also closely associated with royalty. In 1889 Tsar Alexander III finished construction of Massandra Palace a short distance to the north of Yalta and Nicholas II built the Livadia Palace south-west of the town in 1911.

In the 20th century

During the 20th century Yalta was the principal holiday resort of the Soviet Union. In 1920, Vladimir Lenin issued a decree "On the Use of Crimea for the Medical Treatment of the Working People" which endorsed the region's transformation from a fairly exclusive resort area into a recreation facility for tired proletarians. Numerous workers' sanatoria were constructed in and around Yalta and the surrounding district. There were, in fact, few other places that Soviet citizens could come for a seaside holiday, as foreign travel was forbidden to all but a handful. The Soviet elite also came to Yalta; the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin used the Massandra Palace as his summer residence.

Yalta was occupied by the German Army from 9 November 1941 to 16 April 1944.

The town came to worldwide attention in 1945 when the Yalta Conference between the "Big Three" powers - the Soviet Union, the United States and the United Kingdom - was held at the Livadia Palace.

Modern Yalta

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Yalta has struggled economically. Many of the nouveaux riches of ex-Soviet citizens began going to other European holiday resorts, now that they had the freedom and money to travel; conversely, the impoverishment of many ex-Soviet citizens meant that they could no longer afford to go to Yalta. The town's transport links have been significantly reduced with the end of almost all passenger traffic by sea. The longest trolleybus line in Europe goes from the train station in Simferopol to Yalta (almost 90 km). Yalta is crowded in the vacation season (July–August) and prices for accommodation are very high. Most of the tourists are from countries of the former Soviet Union; in 2013, about 12% of tourists to the Crimea were Westerners from more than 200 cruise ships.

Yalta has a beautiful embankment along the Black Sea. People can be seen strolling there all seasons of the year, and it also serves as a place to gather and talk, to see and be seen. There are several beaches to the left and right of the embankment. The town has a movie theater, drama theater, plenty of restaurants, and an open-air market.

Two beaches in Yalta are Blue Flag beaches since May 2010, these were the first beaches (with two beaches in Yevpatoria) to be awarded a Blue Flag in a CIS memberstate.

Main sights

Famous attractions within or near Yalta are:

  • Yalta's Sea Promenade (Naberezhnaya), housing many attractions and being recently renovated (2003–2004)
  • Armenian Church, built by V. Surenyants
  • A Roman Catholic Church built by N. Krasnov, a famous Russian architect
  • Yalta's cable car, taking visitors to the Darsan hill, from which one can see Yalta's shoreline
  • Renovated Hotel Taurica, the first hotel in the former Russian Empire with elevators
  • Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, constructed by the architect Krasnov, who also constructed the Livadia Palace and the architect P. Terebenyov
  • Former main building of the Ministry of Defence hotel, built in the style of a Gothic castle
  • Palace of Bukhara Emir
  • Yalta's Zoo
  • Yalta's Aquarium, housing small dolphins
  • Park-museum Polyana Skazok (Glade of Fairytales)
  • White Dacha - House-museum of Anton Chekhov
  • House-museum of Lesya Ukrainka
  • House with Caryatids, where the composer A. Spendiarov lived
  • Yalta Hotel Complex

Moreover, Yalta's suburbs contain:

  • Foros Church
  • Nikitsky Botanical Garden (Nikita)
  • Livadia Palace (Livadiya)
  • Organ hall in Livadiya
  • Massandra Palace (Massandra)
  • Massandra Winery and Vaults
  • International children's centre of Artek(Gurzuf)
  • Ai-Petri Mountain (1233 metres high, with a cable car traveling to and from the mountain)
  • Alupka Palace
  • Swallow's Nest castle near Gaspra.
  • Tsar's Path hiking trail

Photo (3)

ЯЛТА.Южный берег КрымаЯлта. Крым 2007

Street view


12.11.2016 TD88
Town stray cats)
07.10.2016 Lena
As always wonderful
08.09.2016 Pavel
Night a lot of noise. The devils
04.08.2016 Alexander
The best resort town on the coast
28.04.2016 Anya
Why would the locals around just put a terrible two-meter iron fences and grates even on Windows? Tourists are afraid of? Or cats? ?
10.03.2016 Dmitriy
The locals make a strange impression, either rich or poor. Neither the one nor the other do not care to maintain order in the city. Dog shit in the centre of the city on the sidewalk - a common occurrence.
10.03.2016 Dmitriy
It is a pity that all beauty was created during the Soviet era over the last 25 years it fell into disrepair, it is a pity to watch. Nothing new except the ugly apartment boxes was never built.
10.03.2016 Dmitriy
An unusual combination of mountains and sea with crystal clear water, nature 5 points. The city is surrounded by diverse greenery, there are beautiful buildings. Night view is gorgeous.
05.10.2015 Aleksandr
A good city for rest and work! As for me, living here is quite uncomfortable.
12.09.2015 Ivan
Beach. Museums.
30.08.2015 Nicky
Not particularly fond of Yalta. Small town and the atmosphere is now terrible
15.08.2015 oper
Beautiful city
21.07.2015 Juliet
Street musicians on the promenade was great, cheap pastries!
04.07.2015 Anna
It's just the best city on earth!!!!!
28.04.2015 Evgeniy
Slaughter transport. At stops nor list of routes or headways. The scheme of bus lines to buy anywhere. It is necessary each time to carry out a survey of the local population.
26.04.2015 Anton
It's a great city. In the tourist season are very colorful. Good restaurants and roads.
13.01.2015 Viktor
From the hotel Yalta-Intourist is a very beautiful night view of Yalta.
29.12.2014 Anna
The best city in the world!!!! Native, cozy and very friendly!)
16.12.2014 Gore
City, familiar from childhood: holidays in Yalta! "A city where palm trees grow in the streets")) Very atmospheric city, but to live here I would not be able
03.11.2014 Natali
Great weather have on!!!
21.10.2014 Vladimir
"Their homes!"- my son said, upon seeing a photo of Yalta.
18.09.2014 Aleks
To live here is difficult. Drink too much happiness from
13.09.2014 Aleksandr
03.09.2014 GALA
14 September referendum
11.08.2014 Cate
The best thing about Yalta is the embankment.
07.08.2014 Darya
Pearl of the Crimea) but in winter nothing to do(
12.06.2014 Natalya
holiday - Russia day was a success!!!! fireworks and performances just fire)and the weather at pleased) I love the beach I love Russia:)
10.06.2014 Pablo
Crimea is our!!! ?
08.06.2014 Gennadiy
The best draught beer "Lvivske 1715". But it must look with small cafes. In expensive cafes offer the type of import. The taste is full fufel.
31.05.2014 Anna
The city of absolute happiness... was...
11.05.2014 Olga
The night started
26.04.2014 ELYa
Pear meadow
17.02.2014 Aleksandr
Favorite city?
02.02.2014 Nicolya
I saw Yalta that year, When she left the Czechs. Orphaned house in the garden I saw here coming. (Samuel Marshak)
02.02.2014 Nicolya
Here the semicircle promenade And town high-rise, Looking fun on the South, And the roar of the sea, and the wind is wet. (Samuel Marshak)
05.01.2014 Eva
29.12.2013 Evgeniy
06.10.2013 penguinCody
Reminds Sochi. a wonderful promenade. I advise you to ride on the cable car
03.10.2013 Demetrio
A great city. Very good.
25.09.2013 Ruben
Better city don't know :)
24.09.2013 Anton
Yalta in places like the small Spanish towns. And sometimes the moon. Day in September is hot, night is cold, and the sea is so icy that aching teeth. The first couple of minutes. And then hot again... I Love Yalta
22.09.2013 Irina
Yalta - the city of my magical childhood. Here the portal to the magical land of memories)
21.09.2013 Mikhail
Find in the Crimea apply almost impossible to cut refuse :(
19.09.2013 Nikolay
Rent of the house, rooms, verandah for groups of up to 8-10 people in Yalta. 0668152212
10.09.2013 Tatiana
Very dirty everywhere, the crowds of people, traffic, everything is unreasonably expensive...Put Yalta minus the fat!
02.09.2013 Olga
"Koffice" cafe on the waterfront with Wi-Fi, winter was not)
25.08.2013 Da
The city where it grows Golden grape;))
24.08.2013 Mariya
My heart is always with you!)
15.08.2013 Darya
Buses run from 23:00 to 23:30 max, then the distance you have to overcome on foot, the local cheerfully and boldly send to go long miles
14.08.2013 Ann
A very beautiful city!:) from the mountains steps down to the sea:) p.s.city Wi-Fi everywhere,even at sea;)
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Изменено: 2018-02-13 05:17