Cultural heritage XVI в

Weather in Nizhniy Novgorod now

-8 °C
Wind: east, 2 m/s
Humidity: 72 %
Pressure: 772 mm Hg
Average temperatures
February0 °C-11 °C
March+2 °C-6 °C
April+12 °C+2 °C
May+23 °C+11 °C
June+26 °C+15 °C
July+32 °C+17 °C

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin


Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
Photo from

Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin (Russian: Нижегородский кремль) is a fortress in Nizhny Novgorod, the historic city center.


Tower of Demetrius of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin

The first attempt to replace the wooden fort on the stone Kremlin refers to 1374, but construction limited to only one tower, known as the Tower of Dmitrov (not survived to our time). Under the rule of Ivan III, Nizhny Novgorod plays the role of guard city, having a standing army, and serves as a place of military gathering troops on Moscow's actions against Khanate of Kazan. In order to strengthen the defenses of the city, again begin the construction works of the walls.

Beginning of construction of the stone Kremlin of Nizhny Novgorod became the building in 1500 in the coastal town of Ivanovo Tower, but the main work unfolded in 1508 and in the short term to 1515 a grandiose building was completed. Cause of destruction of the old fortifications, oak walls, was a huge fire in 1513. Two-kilometer wall reinforced by 13 towers (one of them - Zachatskaya - on the shore of the Volga, not preserved). "Stone City" had a permanent garrison with solid artillery weapons. With the fall of Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin lost its military significance, and later it housed the city authorities, principalities, and provinces.

January 30, 1949 issued an order of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR of the restoration of the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin.

View to Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin


To date, preserved 13 towers of the Kremlin. Counter clockwise:

  1. Tower of George
  2. Tower of Boris and Gleb (destroyed by a landslide in the 18th century, restored in 1972)
  3. Tower of Conception (destroyed by a landslide in the 18th century, restored in 2012)
  4. White Tower
  5. Tower of John
  6. Clock Tower
  7. North Tower
  8. Secret Tower
  9. Yoke Tower
  10. Tower of Nicholas
  11. Pantry Tower
  12. Tower of Demetrius
  13. Powder Tower

Other buildings and constructions

In the Kremlin were many churches, but to date, leaving only Michael the Archangel Cathedral, built no later than the middle of the 16th century and rebuilt in 1628-1631, the oldest surviving building in the Kremlin. The cathedral is the tomb of Kuzma Minin. In 1828, in front of the Archangel Cathedral was constructed the obelisk in honor of Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky (architect Melnikov and Martos).

In 1837-1841 was built the house of the military governor (now the building is the Museum of Art), in 1840-1843 at the direction of Nicholas I, was built the Arsenal. In 1931, in place of the Transfiguration Cathedral was built the House of Soviets, now the building is City Council.

Eternal Flame

In 1965, near the obelisk of Minin and Pozharsky was lit the Eternal Flame and created memorial complex in honor of Nizhny Novgorod citizens who died in World War II.

Photo (32)

 Симеоновская (Белая башня)Волга (Volga from Kremlin), Нижний НовгородМихаило-Архангельский собор (2009.07.01)Нижний Новгород, в Кремле (02) (2006 г)Нижегородский кремль/Михайло-Архангельский соборКремль, спуск к ВолгеCathedral of the Archangel MichaelНижегородский кремль/Михайло-Архангельский собор/канун РождестваЦерковьNizhny Novgorod Нижний НовгородРоссия: Нижний Новгород: Нижегородский район: кремль: собор Михайло-Архангельский; 14:09 08.05.2006Ivanovskaya Tower and the Volga River►Нижний Новгород. Вид на СтрелкуНижний НовгородNizhniy NovgorodМихайло-Архангельский соборМихаило-Архангельский собор, Нижний НовгородЧасовая, Ивановская, Белая башни Кремля, Нижний НовгородМихаило-Архангельский собор, Нижний НовгородКремль, Вечный огоньПлощадь Нижегородского кремляН_Новгородпамятник МининуПомним!Cathedral of the Archangel MichaelВечерний Нижний. Барельеф,памятника основателю Нижнего Новгорода.Нижегородский кремль.Россия: Нижний Новгород: Нижегородский район: кремль: собор Михайло-Архангельский; 14:09 08.05.2006Вечерний Нижний.Барельеф Князь Пожарский (отлит по эскизам И.П.Мартоса) на обелиске в честь Минина и Пожарского в Нижегородском кремле.Обелиск в честь ополчения Минина и ПожарскогоVolgaВ Кремлеthe sound of silence

Video (1)

Street view


Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday at 10:00-17:00, Thursday at 10:00-19:00


13.01.2018 Villem
Great classic Kremlin. Main POI in the city.
15.12.2017 Ifta
Historical place. Good for walking around. Reminds of second world war.
01.11.2017 Aleks
One of my favorite places in Nizhny Novgorod. There are peaces of ancient and modern history inside and outside the Kremlin. Get comfy walking shoes and enjoy your day out ;)
04.10.2017 Vishwanath
Great tourist spot in Nizhny Novgorod... A must see.. place of historical importance
25.09.2017 Rick
Gorgeous and historic place. Well worth the walk.
21.09.2017 Dmitri
Must-see place. Fantastic views. Spend here at least 2 hours
17.09.2017 Joao
Very interesting place. With relatively well conserved walls and even some military vehicles from the second war era, the place is gives a nice experience for adults and children
There are some gift small shops were you can get folk and soviet era souvenirs (the price is a little bit hide but nothing out of reality for a touristic place).
30.06.2017 Darren
Very cool place to visit. The tour around the wall is totally worth it! Just bring good walking shoes cause there are lots of steps.
The overlook is simply amazing! Great views of the rivers and countryside.
Lots of paths for walking and benches for sitting.
12.05.2017 Valentino
I love this place, is nice to walk around and feel the history of the city. There is also a nice view from the top, up to the river. And is also nice to take a boat and watch the Kremlin from down the river
09.05.2017 Aleksey
The main sightseeing of the city, center of its old history. Have a paid toilets and free drinking water spots. Exhibition of ww2 weapons included, with couple of museums and art-spaces. Mostly used for touristic and city management functions. There quiet inside!
04.03.2017 Hoang
Nice place
21.02.2017 Vyacheslav
The opportunity to touch the history. Beautiful architecture, beautiful views. I recommend to hire a guide and walk through the site, very interesting and educational.
06.02.2017 Ioanna
This place is so great that his powerful energy will not overwrite the crowds. On weekdays you can walk and naslajdatsa beauty of the ancient Kremlin. I recommend to go around. Excitement more than walking on the wall.
28.01.2017 Maksim
Must see! The Kremlin itself is very large, feels more Moscow. Let inside is not too much, but the views of the city from the height is very steep!
15.01.2017 Udesh
Nice place to visit
07.01.2017 Dmitriy
Excellent, beautiful, very atmospheric place! Strongly recommend to walk across the wall! To feel so to speak on their skin what it's like to be a defender of the fortress. Plus themed exhibitions in the course of movement. And yet - gorgeous views from the wall ) don't forget a camera )
26.12.2016 Andrey
Lovely place! Liked much more of the Novgorod Kremlin. Impressive recommend.
07.12.2016 Sergey
Once inside, don't leave the constructivist administrative building unnoticed! Also, visit The Arsenal — a nice local modern art museum.
10.10.2016 Mikhail
Amazing! Always getting in this kind of construction, one wonders how much successfully the place was chosen! The merger of the two largest rivers of Central Russia, the Elevation of this magnitude! When I saw the first time, was amazed, and still, the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin on my list of old Russian buildings to be in the first place!
29.09.2016 Dmitry
The Kremlin, as the place has a great historical and architectural value. Exhibition of Gorky - to the front is a reflection of those difficult years, because the city of Gorky made for the front lot. Adult population suggest to visit the Arsenal, the Art Museum and the Philharmonic hall, for privacy good the Governor's garden. It is possible for the wall to walk - there are beautiful views. The Kremlin is a good place for walks, where you feel safe, even late at night.
19.09.2016 Vladimir
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin - a place where you need to be sure if You're in Nizhny Novgorod. The view from the top of the fortress wall at the confluence of the rivers just magical. Recommend to visit in summer on a Sunny day. On the territory of the Kremlin is a historic building and the exhibition of military equipment.
09.09.2016 Anton
Wondering where to hike and climb. You can walk along the top of the fortress wall. Keep in mind - you can't smoke!
04.09.2016 Alessandro
this cremlin cant reach the beauty of Kazan's and of Moscow's ones but it is worrh for a stop. Inside there are two nice art museums a must for someone who likes art.
 Not bad
22.08.2016 Tatyana
Great place for walking! Children here are very fun to walk around, beautiful flowers and lawns.
21.08.2016 Elena
A large area, now largely an administrative building. Climb on the wall, the entrance+tour only 150₽
18.08.2016 Kuo-Shu
Nice view and buildings
09.08.2016 aleksandr
It's a wall. Beautiful old mill. You could even say the fence. Walk intnresno. There are beautiful views. Be sure to visit, but not to much don't wait razacharovatsya.
31.07.2016 Anastasiya
Not impressed. With it at all. It is clear that to go to NN and not visit the Kremlin - a crime)), but somehow the outside to look at it is nicer than the inside
25.07.2016 Kolya
Good Kremlin, mulberries have an exhibition of military equipment
24.07.2016 Anton
Great Kremlin. It is particularly interesting to walk along the wall. In each tower a small Museum.
20.07.2016 Valeriya
the place is nice, but it is a pity that such a deplorable state of the walls(
14.07.2016 Olga
Was passing and decided to visit the main attraction and was shocked, to put it mildly... first, barely got to him in sooooo narrow streets and ubicacin roads (half of the country was passed-the roads are worse than in the Lower not seen). Secondly, look really is not what! Inside are models of military equipment, which laiout children and sometimes adults - even a picture could not (that's ridiculous!!!). About Parking for cars even say no-just no place. And people are all evil something on these roads! In complete shock from the city!!!
30.06.2016 Aleksandr
Pay the Museum at the Zachatevsky tower spoils the lot: the monument is not appropriate, not to Park, on a bench seat, to the ballot box did not go through. Bullshit Mr RV
 Not bad
15.06.2016 Anufrieva
A must see! The first time after moving to the city, visited the Kremlin. Loved it! Huge area,lot of various military equipment,cathedrals, something to see!
Beautiful views of the river and the riverbank!
07.06.2016 Aleksandr
Lovely piece of history
01.06.2016 Andrey
Nice fortress to see and walk in. For first time buy a ticket to walk inside fortresses wall. You can see downtown, two rivers and bridges outside and a fortress yard inside when you walk on the covered top of the wall. There are historic exhibitions in the corner towers.
14.05.2016 Dmitriy
The first thing visited in Nizhny Novgorod. Loved it.
13.05.2016 Eugene
Beautiful view of the Volga, but beware of the stairs. A lot of them! )) In the towers of the exposition, but to view them you will need to come down from the wall, and then again no it to rise. Will definitely come again
01.05.2016 Pavel
Walk through the wall - very cool. The views are beautiful.
28.04.2016 Vitaliy
Walk through walls is great - stunning views of the Volga. Sorry, the museums in the towers of the very weak level((
19.04.2016 Aleksandra
Very interesting and beautiful place, Nino remembered first of all by the Kremlin:)
09.04.2016 Stephen
Nice blend of the historic & functional, fun site to explore for its varied holdings
31.03.2016 Viktoria
Beautiful place, but terribly drafty in the winter)
30.03.2016 Makar
The Kremlin is very beautiful. Walking round there.
06.03.2016 vera
Very little information about the region to be heard and seen.
24.02.2016 Mariya
The place is very beautiful, worthy of any attention. Inside many interesting buildings and, of course, a great view of the city!!!
08.01.2016 Elena
Took a tour for two people for 600 R. Young boy to us for an hour pretty well all the main points of the history of the Kremlin and the whole city illuminated. In the spring there is another tour of all the 2-km long wall.
06.01.2016 Tihon
The Kremlin itself is beautiful and the view it offers is great. On the wall the entrance to the boring plot. Museums in the towers of the school level of the red area. Money and time don't waste.
11.09.2015 Aleksandr
The Kremlin five hundred years. Inside there is a small Cathedral, which is as. Near the wall an exhibition of military equipment during the war, nearby is the Eternal flame. The Kremlin is located the art Museum and the Armory (center for contemporary art). In the Ivanovskaya tower - Museum of the militia of 1612.
The view from the Kremlin on the Volga stunning!
07.08.2015 Saniya
One of the best places for walks in the Bottom. On the territory of the Kremlin there are many historical monuments, as well as a good Philharmonic hall, which I advise everyone to visit.
Share your experiences, help others make the right choice!
Think about what you would like to know if you were looking for a review about a place to relax. Please describe in detail what you liked and what you didn't. What would you advise to other guests and to the hotel owner. The more fully you tell about the hotel, the easier it will be for other people to make a choice and they will be very grateful to you!


Изменено: 2018-02-13 18:41