Danilov Monastery in Moscow

Description

Danilov Monastery
Photo from wikipedia.org

Danilov Monastery, in full Svyato-Danilov Monastery or Holy Danilov Monastery (Данилов монастырь, Свято-Данилов монастырь in Russian), is a monastery on the right bank of the Moskva River in Moscow, Russia. Since 1983, it has functioned as the headquarters of the Russian Orthodox church and the official residence of the Patriarch of Moscow and all the Rus'.

History

Danilov Monastery was founded in the late 13th century by Alexander Nevsky's son Daniil. Shortly before his death in 1303, Danilo took monastic vows and later was buried at Danilov Monastery. The Russian Orthodox church venerates him as a saint. The very first Muscovite archmandrite came from this monastery in 1300.

In the 14th - 15th centuries, Danilov Monastery fell into decline. In 1560, Ivan the Terrible brought it back to life. In 1591, when the armies of a Crimean khan Kaza Giray approached Moscow, the area around Danilov Monastery was turned into a fortified mobile camp.

The katholikon

In 1606, the rebels led by Ivan Bolotnikov and Istoma Pashkov collided with the army of Vasili IV not far from the monastery. In 1607, an impostor by the name of Ileyka Muromets, who had pretended to be tsarevich Peter (son of Feodor I of Russia), was executed next to Danilov Monastery. Being in the center of many military events during the Time of Troubles, the monastery was severely damaged in 1610. In the early 17th century, it was surrounded by a brick wall with seven towers.

In 1710, there were 30 monks in Danilov Monastery. In 1764, there were only twelve of them on staff. By 1900, however, the number rose to seventeen. Among the monks who lived in Danilov Monastery during its history was the renowned Greek scholar Nikephoros Theotokis, who retired to this monastery in 1792 from his bishop's position in South Russia, and lived here until his death in 1800.

In 1805, an almshouse for elderly women was established at the monastery; later it was turned into an almshouse for elderly clergymen and their widows.

In 1812, the monastery was ransacked by the French army. The monasterial sacristy and treasury, however, had been transported to Vologda and Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra shortly before the French occupied Moscow.

First documented information on Danilov Monastery's landownership can be traced back to 1785, when it owned 18 desyatinas of land. By the end of the 19th century, the monastery had already possessed 178 desyatinas and a few buildings in Moscow.

In the second half of the 19th century, Danilov Monastery's cemetery was a final resting place for many writers, artists and scientists, such as Nikolai Gogol, Nikolai Yazykov, Vasili Perov, Nikolai Rubinstein, Vladimir Solovyov and many others. The remains of most of them, however, were transported in Soviet years to the Novodevichy Cemetery. By 1917, Danilov Monastery had 19 monks and four novices and owned 164 desyatinas of land.

After the October Revolution, the monastery housed archimandrites who had been deprived of their pulpits. In 1929, the Soviets issued a special decree on closing the monastery and organizing a detention facility on its premises under the auspices of NKVD (приёмник-распределитель НКВД, or priyomnik-raspredelitel' NKVD). The last monastery closed in Moscow became the first one to be returned in 1983 to the Moscow Patriarchy and became a spiritual and administrative centre of the Russian Orthodox Church. In 1988, the monastery was restored. A residence was built for the Patriarch and Synod, as well as a funeral chapel and a chapel in commemoration of the 1000 years of Russia's baptism.

Bells

When the monastery was closed in 1929 and 1930, its bell set was saved from Communist melting through the purchase by American industrialist Charles R. Crane. The largest of the bells, Bolshoi (or The Big One - called The Mother Earth Bell at Harvard), weighs 13 tons and has a 700 pound clapper. The smallest weighs just 22 pounds. Crane donated the bells to Harvard University and they were installed in the main tower of Harvard's Lowell House and at the Harvard Business School's Baker Library. Beginning in the 1980s, with openness under Gorbachev, there were calls to return the bells, and after numerous meetings over the years, the bells were returned to the Russian Orthodox Church in the fall of 2008. Russian industrialist Viktor Vekselberg, famous for buying up a number of Faberge Eggs, agreed to pay for the repatriation of the 18 bells and for the cost of casting replacements of them in Russia to be hung at Harvard. The first of the bells, known as the Everyday (or Weekday) Bell, weighing 2.2 tons, arrived at the Danilov Monastery on September 12, 2007; the remaining seventeen were returned on September 12, 2008.

Photo (32)

В ДАНИЛОВСКОМ541. Троицкий храм в Даниловском монастыре в МосквеАллея монастыря (05.10.2008)ц. Святых Отцов 7 вселенских соборов (1555-1560 годы)ВРАТА МОНАСТЫРЯСвято-Данилов мужской монастырьСвято-Данилов мужской монастырьСобор Троицы Живоначальной Свято-Данилова монастыряМОЗАИКА (БОЖИЯ МАТЕРЬ)Надвратная церковь Симеона Столпника Свято-Данилова монастыряНАСТОЯТЕЛЬСКАЯ БАШНЯ И КОЛОКОЛЬНЯDanilow MonastaryMonastero S.DaniloРотондаMonastero S.DaniloDanilovskiy, MoscowMoscow, Sviato-Danilov monastery = Saint Daniel's cloister.  One of the towers Moscow, Sviato-Danilov monastery = Saint Daniel's cloister.  The chapel-over-the-well and the Church of the Holy Fathers of the Seven Ecumenical Councils.Москва. Данилов монастырь. Купол Троицкого собора. 02.2012.г. Москва. Свято-Данилов монастырь.г. Москва. Свято-Данилов монастырь.г. Москва. Свято-Данилов монастырь. Церковь Святых Отцов Семи Вселенских Соборов.храм Святых Отцов Семи Вселенских Соборов и  Надкладезная часовняЗвонница церкви Святых Отцов Семи Вселенских Соборов Свято-Данилова монастыряДаниловский ВалМосква. Данилов монастырь. Храм Святых отцов семи Вселенских соборов и часовня. 02.2012.Москва. Данилов монастырь. Троицкий собор. 02.2012.Москва. Данилов монастырь. Надвратная церковь Симеона Столпника. 02.2012.Москва. Башня Данилова монастыря. 02.2012.Москва. Данилов монастырь. Надвратная церковь Симеона Столпника. 02.2012.Москва. Данилов монастырь. Надкладезная часовня в честь 1000-летия Крещения Руси. 02.2012.Данилов монастырь

Street view

Info

Website: www.msdm.ru
Schedule:
All days at 06:00-20:00

Reviews

tourist photo
22.01.2017 Alexey Vidanov
Very beautiful monastery.
 Excellent
15.01.2017 Vova Putin
Interesting to have a stroll to see the architecture...
 Not bad
16.12.2016 Ga As
Duty in a fraternal body natural hamley! To drive filthy broom!
 Awful
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06.10.2016 Velikiy Kneze
The monastery was overrun with clowns in Cossack clothes. One such "Cossack" said breeched entrance to the monastery is prohibited. Lord!Reason with them. For they know not what they do.
 Excellent
30.08.2016 familiabv brumwell.com
Very Nice!!! The church where it is held, welcoming and peace-making, larger than the, dd st Basil, but enough small to be comfortable. Attention: pants (or skirt) long and headscarf girls
 Good
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15.08.2016 Renas Azad
Amazing
 Excellent
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07.08.2016 Velikiy Kneze
The monastery was overrun with clowns in Cossack clothes. One such "Cossack" said shorts to the monastery is prohibited. Lord!Reason with them. For they know not what they do.
 Excellent
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01.08.2016 Vladimir Karzhavin
From the large number of pilgrims there is a certain feeling of vanity, but the service, accompanied by a male chorus makes up for it all in full, forget about everything.
 Excellent
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06.07.2016 Oleg Ishin
A working monastery
 Excellent
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12.06.2016 Nelli Pavlovna
Why didn't you like? Opposite this place is really Sacred .
 Awful
20.05.2016 Sergey Barbashov
Orthodox stitayut his duty to visit this beautiful monastery!!
 Excellent
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30.04.2016 Sveta
It is quiet and calm))very tasty pastries and rolls with condensed milk and nuts chic?
29.04.2016 Mihail Kozlov
To reach your services is not possible. Live some of his life. With that understanding, Michael. I, you understand.
 Excellent
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20.11.2015 Sergey Zhukov
Very beautiful monastery
 Excellent
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20.09.2015 Mihail
A great AA group!
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14.09.2015 Viktorych
Bredyatina cornered Cyril on a holiday, brainless fans and they fancy they come in large numbers, and ustrali some Sabbath. Like fans, stomp to the stadium, there is the fan sector and the police.
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19.08.2015 Danil Bagrov
There is very good. And nice to be. My heart is nice and calm there. Thank you that there are places.
 Excellent
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05.04.2015 Mila
????all good,let it come true for You!
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09.03.2015 Mariya
The most ancient and the first monastery in Moscow.
02.03.2015 Luchiya Goryagina
Amazing place. Nameley the temple. Thank you.
 Excellent
08.02.2015 Nikolay Nikiforov
Good afternoon. For many years the whole family has come to you in the car. Recently discovered that Parking around the temple is prohibited. People we are not very healthy - now drive stopped.
 Bad
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15.01.2015 Onufriy
At the entrance is delicious and inexpensive convent pastries and ground coffee.
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23.10.2014 Aleksandr
Super convent!
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02.09.2014 Gera
Favorite cakes with rice and mushrooms!
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13.06.2014 Andrey Nesterenko
Very good choir.
 Excellent
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19.04.2014 Maka
The most delicious cakes, Easter cakes and Easter
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18.01.2014 Aleksey
Wonderful monastery, in the temple of Holy water is calm and the queue to take, and to the relics queue no
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02.05.2013 Tatiana
It just always! Each in their own way.
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02.03.2013 Nikol
The coolest cakes and fish cakes!
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26.01.2013 Andrey
Very tasty pastries! ;)
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08.01.2013 Alina
Access to the Relics is open from 9 to 17.
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29.09.2012 Anastasiya
In the Church is baptism to shoot with flash, do not say anything.
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25.06.2012 Sofia
At the entrance there is a closet with skirts and scarves for women
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12.04.2012 Lyubov
Cakes by far the most delicious! Cakes will try in due time
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17.03.2012 Alexander
SV. Fathers of the seven Ecumenical councils, the North. arkadaksky the Church: the pillar between the iconostasis, in the middle of gramatiski Cathedral, the North-East. pillar.
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17.03.2012 Alexander
Here the relics of SV. Nobleborn Prince Daniel of Moscow, are kept.
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18.02.2012 Ivan ?
the most delicious cakes here!
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06.08.2011 Ana
The first in Moscow!

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