Pitsunda

Description

Pitsunda 

Pitsunda or Bichvinta (Georgian: ბიჭვინთა [bitʃʼvintʰɑ] ( listen); Abkhaz: Пиҵунда; Russian: Пицунда) is a resort town in Gagra district of Abkhazia.

History

The town was founded in the 5th century BC as Pityus (Ancient Greek: Pityus, Πιτυοῦς, genitive Pityuntos, Πιτυοῦντος) or Pitiunt, a Greek colony and trade port on the coast of the Kingdom of Lazica. The city was surrounded by a defensive wall, the castellum had a second line of defence built in mid-3rd century AD. Excavations guided by Andria Apakidze unearthed remains of three 4th-century churches and a bath with superb mosaic floors. The former "Great Pityus" harbour is now a mere lake within the town.

The Goths attacked the city in 255 CE after taking the Bosporan fleet. The Roman garrison under the command of Successianus repelled the attack, however they returned in the next year, took the city and proceeded further to sack Trebizond.

Saint John Chrysostom was being led towards Pityus by the imperial soldiers, in execution of the decree of exile, when he died on the way in 407. Like Dioskurias, it remained under Roman control within the Georgian kingdom of Colchis until the 7th century. The city passed under Abasgian control and became one of the major political and religious centres of the kingdom of Egrisi (Lazica). An archbishopric of Pitiunt was instituted in 541. In medieval Georgia, the town's name was spelled as Bichvinta. At the end of the 10th century, King Bagrat III of Georgia built there the Pitsunda Cathedral which survives to this day and contains vestiges of wall-painting from the 13th and the 16th centuries. Bichvinta also served as the seat of the Georgian Orthodox Catholicate of Abkhazia until the late 16th century when Abkhazia came under the Ottoman hegemony within Georgia. In his 1911 article for the Catholic Encyclopedia, Sophrone Pétridès described Pityus as a titular see, but it is not now found in the Catholic Church's list of such sees. In the late 13th century, the area housed a short-lived Genoese trade colony called Pezonda.

Pitsunda was the favourite resort of First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev. In October 1964 he happened to be vacationing in Pitsunda when he was deposed from power. Khrushchev once proposed a major dam and hydroelectric power scheme on the Bzyb River near Pitsunda, but his experts informed him that a dam built on the Bzyb River would have had catastrophic effects in causing beach erosion at Pitsunda. In the end, the dam was built on the Inguri River instead, where the impact upon the coastline was assessed to be considerably less pronounced.

Administration

Town status

On 7 February 2007, after many appeals by inhabitants, the People's Assembly of Abkhazia resolved to give Pitsunda town-status. Parliamentarians expressed the hope that the decision would help Pitsunda develop as a resort. Since becoming a town, the Mayor of Pitsunda is no longer appointed by the Governor of Gagra District but instead directly by the President of Abkhazia. On 29 January 2016, Pitsunda's town-status was formally enshrined in Abkhazia's constitution.

2011 Assembly elections

See also: Abkhazian local elections, 2011

In the 2011 assembly elections, Mayor Beslan Ardzinba and six other incumbent deputies of the Assembly stood for re-election. The winning candidates were Beslan Ardzinba, Badra Avidzba, Olga Grigorenko, Chengiz Bigvava, Georgi Zardania, Gennadi Cherkezia, Gennadi Mikanba, Damia Kokoskeria and Inessa Dzkuia. On 14 February, during the first session of the new convocation, Damir Kokoskeria was elected Chairman of the Assembly over Gennadi Cherkezia, by a one vote difference.

Since 2014

Following the May 2014 Revolution and the election of Raul Khajimba as President, on 28 October 2014 he replaced Ardzinba as Mayor with Chingis Bigvava.

List of Mayors

Heads of the Administration of the Urban-type Settlement Pitsunda: # Name Entered office Left office Governor of Gagra District Comments Chingiz Bigvava ≤ June 2000 Grigori Enik Jon Dbar ≥ January 2006 Valeri Bganba Beslan Ardzinba October 2006 8 February 2007 Astamur Ketsba Heads of the Administration of the Town Pitsunda: # Name Entered office Left office President Comments 1 Beslan Ardzinba 8 February 2007 29 May 2011 Sergei Bagapsh 29 May 2011 1 June 2014 Alexander Ankvab 1 June 2014 28 October 2014 Valeri Bganba 2 Chingis Bigvava 28 October 2014 Present Raul Khajimba

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ a b Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.

Tourist attractions

Photo (23)

Sitting Is a Right, Not a PrivilegeAdaekyanI Can Look at You, but You Can't Look at MeIMGP2561.jpgInstance EntranceThe Best Thing About Today Is That It's OverБамбук!На мореДельфины и людиНаши скакуныПицунда, Абхазия / Pitsunda, AbkhaziaКотВалы катятПенаПицунда, Абхазия.Пицунда, Абхазия / Pitsunda, AbkhaziaПицунда, Абхазия / Pitsunda, AbkhaziaДевочка и море  #ДевочкаИзКупчино #море #sea #blacksea #черноеморе #юг #beachПицундаПрогулкаБереговая линияГаграГагра

Street view

Reviews

tourist
27.09.2016 Nataliya
Scoop?. The sea is clean, of course, but no infrastructure and a continuous market.
22.07.2016 Dariy
If not relict pine and supplied with the purest and freshest air, then people would be much less.
tourist
11.07.2016 Valentin
Nothing special in this town didn't notice. On main street there is a large wine store. The beach is crowded but beautiful. Pine trees 50 metres from the sea
tourist
27.09.2015 Nika
Beautiful pine forest, clear water, nice beach and not many people
tourist
15.09.2015 Anton
Of the USSR in action
11.09.2015 Diana
Was here the night.liked:the sea is clean,the prices are much lower than in Adler and,especially,Sochi!the scenery is gorgeous!there are new hotels!
31.08.2015 Ivan
If you go to Abkhazia, but only in Pitsunda. In General, there is nothing to do...
29.08.2015 Tanya
Beautiful place to walk, enjoy nature and breathe this air
27.08.2015 Stasya
Beautiful nature, and mostly in Abkhazia, but people do not protect what they inherited from the USSR. All dilapidated. Even where there was no war, do all pilfered.
01.04.2015 Mary
Must visit the 10th century temple
05.11.2014 Elena
In the autumn, the pensions don't work... sad....:(
05.11.2014 Elena
The entrance to the embankment 20 rubles per person! I wonder where the money goes, because still all is not well maintained?!
22.04.2014 gd8o
Posdecode full
09.01.2014 Yuliya
A heavenly place ? ? ?
24.08.2013 Miki:*
There is a cool market where they sell chacha:) ahah
Share your experiences, help others make the right choice!
Think about what you would like to know if you were looking for a review about a place to relax. Please describe in detail what you liked and what you didn't. What would you advise to other guests and to the hotel owner. The more fully you tell about the hotel, the easier it will be for other people to make a choice and they will be very grateful to you!

Map

Maps
  • Open Street Maps
  • Roads
  • Satellite
  • Hybrid
  • Public
  • Public+Satellite
  • Roads
  • Satellite
Изменено: 2018-01-24 03:19