New Athos

Description

New Athos 

New Athos or Akhali Atoni (Georgian: ახალი ათონი, Akhali Atoni; Abkhaz: Афон Ҿыц, Afon Ch'yts; Russian: Новый Афон; Novy Afon, Greek: Νέος Άθως, Neos Athos) is a town in the Gudauta raion of Abkhazia, situated some 22 km (14 mi) from Sukhumi by the shores of the Black Sea. The town was previously known under the names Nikopol, Acheisos, Anakopia, Nikopia, Nikofia, Nikopsis, Absara, and Psyrtskha.

New Athos Cave is one of the tourist attractions of Abkhazia,/Georgia.

Ancient History

Anacopia fortress

A large ancient Greek port town of Anacopia was recorded there in the 3rd century. Its ruins are still visible. In the 5th century, Georgians built a fortress on the top of the Iverian Mountain. Anacopia was the capital of the Abkhazian princedom in the orbit of the Byzantine Empire and then of the Abkhazian Kingdom after the archon Leon II declared himself a king in the late 8th century. Later, the capital was moved to Kutaisi.

Anacopia was ceded to Byzantine Empire by Demetre in 1033 but was retaken by Georgians in 1072 among the other territories Georgia gained as a result of the Empire's defeat at Manzikert at the hands of Seljuks.

Geography

Located between the Black Sea and the Iverian Mountain, New Athos is 17 km far from Gudauta, 22 from Sukhumi and 84 from the Russian borders at Vesyoloye, a village near the city of Sochi.

Administration

Vitali Smyr was reappointed as Mayor on 10 May 2001 following the March 2001 local elections.

On 8 May 2003, Smyr was appointed Minister for Agriculture and released as Mayor of New Athos. On 19 May, Feliks Dautia was appointed his successor.

List of mayors

# Name Entered office Left office President Comments Heads of the Town Administration: Vitali Smyr 1995 8 May 2003 Vladislav Ardzinba Feliks Dautia 19 May 2003 12 February 2005 12 February 2005 29 May 2011 Sergei Bagapsh 29 May 2011 Present Alexander Ankvab

Main sights

Monastery

In 1874 Russian monks from the overcrowded Rossikon Monastery on Mount Athos arrived to the Caucasus in order to find a place for possible resettlement. They feared that the Ottoman Empire would oust the Russians from Athos after the outbreak of the impending Russo-Turkish War. They selected Psyrtskha, and the Neo-Byzantine New Athos Monastery, dedicated to St. Simon the Canaanite, was constructed there in the 1880s with funds provided by Tsar Alexander III of Russia. Eventually Russian monks were permitted to stay in the "old" Athos, and the New Athos monastery had much less occupancy than anticipated.

In 1924, during the Soviet persecution of religion, the monastery was closed. It was later used as a storage facility, tourist base, hospital and museum. Its return to the Orthodox Church began in 1994, after the end of the war.

The scenic setting of the New Athos monastery by the sea has made it a popular destination with Russian tourists visiting Abkhazia.

Hydroelectric power station

New Athos has a small hydroelectric power station and artificial lake on the river Psyrtskha, close to the old Church of St. Simon the Canaanite. The station was built by the monks of the monastery between 1892 and 1903 and repaired in 1922. It remained broken for over forty years before being repaired again — it was re-opened on 4 June 2012. It produces an estimated 100 kW per hour for the monastery which still owns it.

Cave

Main article: New Athos Cave

New Athos cave is a karst cave in the Iverian Mountain, few km far from the town. Since 1975 it is served by the New Athos Cave Railway.

Photo (50)

_RF1(ilfordpan400)_02Novy Afon, AbkhaziaМножество мелких сосулек, сталактитов. Сталагнатов - сросшиеся сталактиты и сталагмиты! Температура в пещере летом, и зимой +11, а влажность практически 100%. Не передаваемые ощущения когда ты там, а над тобой свисает миллиарды тонн неконтролируемой Впервые побывал в естественной пещере. Находящейся на глубине 200 метров внутри горы. Карстовая полость объёмом около одного млн. м³. Одна из крупнейших пещер в Абхазии. Высота потолка местами 50 метров. А на фотографии самый большой в мире подземныйСпонтанное путешествие в Новый Афон. Абхазия Novy Afon Monastery, AbkhaziaNovy Afon Monastery, Abkhazia_RF1(ilfordpan400)_24_RF1(ilfordpan400)_22Novy Afon, AbkhaziaNovy Afon Monastery, Abkhazia_RF1(ilfordpan400)_20Novy Afon Monastery, AbkhaziaNovy Afon Monastery, Abkhazia_RF1(ilfordpan400)_16Novy Afon Monastery, AbkhaziaNovy Afon Monastery, AbkhaziaNovy Afon Monastery, AbkhaziaNovy Afon Monastery, AbkhaziaNew Athos Cave, Новоафонская ПещераP5130668On the way to Riza Lake AbkhaziaChurch of Simon the Zealot, Novy Afon, AbkhaziaDSC_8205.jpgPsyrtskha Railway Station, Novy Afon, AbkhaziaPsyrtskha railway stationNew Athos MonasteryPsyrtskha Railway Station, Novy Afon, AbkhaziaChurch of Simon the Zealot, Novy Afon, AbkhaziaPsyrzcha railroad station, Novyy Afon_RF1(ilfordpan400)_19Psyrtskha Railway Station, Novy Afon, AbkhaziaPsyrtskha Railway Station, Novy Afon, AbkhaziaPsyrtskha Railway Station, Novy Afon, AbkhaziaPsyrtskha Railway Station, Novy Afon, AbkhaziaPsyrtskha Railway Station, Novy Afon, AbkhaziaPsyrtskha railway stationDSC_8036-Edit.jpg2625000826250006_26250003_2262500112625000926250002_RF1(ilfordpan400)_30_RF1(ilfordpan400)_31_RF1(ilfordpan400)_34_RF1(ilfordpan400)_29_RF1(ilfordpan400)_28_RF1(ilfordpan400)_05

Street view

Reviews

16.10.2016 Catherine
A small and very touristic town Polanyi. Beautiful and shades of the Soviet Union))
22.08.2016 Valentin
Very interesting caves, but you need to be careful.There slippery, you have to go long. Very picturesque place of the old railway station!
20.07.2016 Daria
Prepare every step of the way to pay for Parking. 100-150₽
15.08.2015 Yana
The most beautiful place in Abkhazia. Be sure to visit the cave.
29.07.2015 Kristina
ATM saw in the cave at the exit
16.03.2015 sochi-adler
The path must be such a fortress - the cave - the grotto of Simon-power station.-the monastery-the swans:-) then super!
21.02.2015 Vika
Monastery, before the war consisted of 700 monks, now about 30, and the renovation, inside the beautiful painted walls with images of saints, pleasant peaceful atmosphere, there are benches, a great view!
09.01.2015 Andrey
One of the most beautiful cities in the world. Of the main attractions - the cave of new Athos, new Athos monastery, Anakopia fortress, the grotto of the Holy Apostle Simon the zealot.
07.01.2015 Nadezda
The new Athos monastery and cave. As well as the hospitality of local residents.
04.01.2015 Viacheslav
The pilgrimage tourists and the influx of merchants. The most attractive place in Abkhazia.
24.08.2014 Lana
Cafe, nature
14.08.2014 Alex
There is Internet:))
17.06.2014 Anna
A Park with swans nearby there is a cafe where you can eat, and cafes where you can drink something cold)
11.04.2014 Petr
The guy with the barrels from the road to the monastery is a crook, cheat money carefully.
18.10.2013 Evgeniy
Novoafonskaya cave must see!
22.09.2013 Dmitry
Internet stable and fast throughout the city And mobile. If you use often - take it from 2GB of traffic
18.09.2013 Dmitry
Priezjaut here by car and cash. There are no banks, ATMs, etc - also
06.07.2013 Aleksandr
The grounds are well-kept, the buildings restored
13.06.2013 Svetlana
Women's entrance to the temple with the covered head and shoulders. All is not well dressed to give out a kerchief and apron.
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Изменено: 2018-01-22 08:31